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Vietnam Order of Battle
Courtesy of Brian Ross
http://www.vvaa.org.au/oob.htm

RAN | Army | RAAF

RAN

 

HMAS Brisbane

2 Tours: 20 Mar 69 -13 Oct 69, Mar 71-15 Oct 71

Together with other Australian destroyers, HMAS Brisbane provided Naval Gunfire Support (NGFS) along the South Vietnamese coast. Her second deployment was the last combat tour of a RAN destroyer.

HMAS Perth

3 Tours: 2 Sep 67 - 10 Apr 68, 14 Sep 68 - 20 Apr 69, 14 Sep 70 - 8 Apr 71

On 18 Oct 67, during her first deployment, Perth was hit by an artillery shell which penetrated one deck. In her six-month deployment HMAS Perth came under fire four times and was the only Australian ship hit by enemy fire.

HMAS Hobart

3 Tours: 7 Mar 67 - 27 Sep 67, 22 Mar 68 -11 Oct 68, 6 Mar 70 -17 Oct 70

Between 1967 and 1971, Australian destroyers were attached to the United States Seventh fleet for six-month tours of duty. HMAS Hobart was the first Australian destroyer deployed. During her second deployment to Vietnam, Hobart was accidentally attacked by US aircraft. The ship was damaged and two Australians were killed. During her second deployment Hobart was under fire on three occasions. The deployment was mainly involved in NGFS in support of a joint Australian/ARVN sweep between the Long Hai hills and the coastline.

HMAS Vendetta

15 Sep 69 -11 Apr 70

HMAS Vendetta was the only Australian-built warship to serve in Vietnam and was the first Australian Daring Class destroyer to see active service. During her one deployment, Vendetta steamed 39,558 miles and fired more than 13,000 shells.

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Clearance Diving Team 3

6 Feb 67 - 11 Apr 71

In early 1967 a team of one officer and five sailors known as Clearance Diving Team 3 formed for service in Vietnam. The team was assigned to Vung Tau Harbour defence between Feb 67 and Aug 70, and was then stationed at Da Nang until Apr 71 when the unit was withdrawn from Vietnam. Eight contingents saw service in Vietnam.

RAN Helicopter Flight Vietnam

16 Oct 67 - 14 Jun 71

On 16 Oct 67 eight RAN helicopter pilots and support staff joined the US Army 135th Assault Helicopter Company in Vietnam. The RAN contingents served with the Americans till 1971. The RAN pilots flew their last mission on 8 Jun 71 and the experiment of a mixed Australian Navy and American Army helicopter unit had been successful.

RAN Detachment 9 Squadron RAAF

Jun 66 - May 69

The RAN Detachment of 9 Squadron RAAF comprised eight Fleet Air Arm pilots operating in direct support of the 1st Australian Task Force. Australian Force Logistic Support All three Australian services provided logistic support to Australian forces in Vietnam.

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HMAS Sydney

May 65 -11 Mar 72

The troop transport HMAS Sydney was the first RAN ship to have operational service in Vietnam. She completed 22 voyages in 7 years.

Also serving with HMAS Sydney were:

Detachment of 725 Squadron (8 April - 19 June 1967) and
Detachment of 817 Squadron (1 December 1967 - 16 February 1968, 26March 1968 - 26 April 1968, 18 May 1968 - 16 June 1968 and circa 28 October 1968 - 6 December 1968)2

HMAS Jeparit

9 Jun 66 -15 Mar 72

Formerly the Australian National Line cargo ship - MV Jeparit. She completed 43 voyages to Vietnam carrying military supplies and civil aid cargoes. She was commissioned into the RAN on 11 Dec 69 and paid off on 15 Mar 72.

HMAS Boonaroo

May 66

Formerly the Australian National Line cargo ship - MV Boonaroo, was commissioned into the RAN 1 Mar 67 and paid off 8 May l967. She completed 2 voyages to Vietnam.

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RAN Medical Officers

Thirteen RAN RANR and RANVR served in Vietnam. Some served on the Australian destroyers and others with the 1st Australian Field Hospital and with the US Army and Naval Hospitals.

RAN Chaplains

Fleet Chaplains attended to the spiritual needs of RAN, and allied servicemen in Vietnam.

Army

Australian Force Vietnam (AFV)

Headquarters Australian Army Force Vietnam
Headquarters Army Assistance Group Vietnam
Australian Embassy Guard Platoon
Defence and Employment Platoon
Field Operations Research Section
Headquarters Australian Force Vietnam Cash Office
Australian Civil Affairs Unit
Postal Unit
AFV Provost Detachment
The function of Headquarters was the administrative command of all Australian forces in Vietnam. Initially, it was headquarters for Army units. From May l966, as the other services assumed an operational role in Vietnam, it included both Navy and RAAF components. The total strength was approximately 250.

1 Australian Task Force (1ATF)

Headquarters 1 Australian Task Force
Detachment 1 Division Cash Office
Detachment Australian Force Vietnam Cash Office
Provost Section 1 Provost Company (AFV Provost)
Australian Force Vietnam Provost Unit
1 Australian Reinforcement Unit (1 ARU)
Defence and Employment Platoon (Hawke Force)
104 Signals Squadron
HQ 1 ATF commanded the Task Force. The Task Force included infantry battalions, an artillery regiment, an armoured squadron, a cavalry squadron, and other supporting arms and services. Approximately 200 staff at Headquarters planned and controlled operations. HQ 1 ATF was located at Nui Dat in Phuoc Tuy Province between Apr 66 and Dec 71.

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Australian Logistic Support Company1

This unit was a part of the 1 RAR Group that deployed to Vietnam on 25 May 1965 and it was redesignated as 1 ALSG on 6 April 1966 . See next entry for information about 1 ALSG.

1 Australian Logistic Support Group (1 ALSG)

Australian Logistic Support Company Headquarters
1 Australian Logistic Support Group
2 Detachment Australian Force Vietnam
Cash Office
Detachment 1 Division Postal Unit
Detachment 1 Comm Z Postal Unit
Detachment 5 ASCO Unit
Headquarters 2 Australian Force Canteen Unit (AFCU)
Detachment 2 AFCU
1 Platoon 2 AFCU
67 Ground Liaison (GL) Section
1 Australian Rest and Convalescence Centre
AFV Amenities and Welfare Unit
1 Psychological Operations Unit
AFV Provost HQ
110 Signals Squadron
The role of 1 ALSG was to command logistic support units. HQ also commanded seven detachments of logistic support elements with a total strength of 149. Upon the establishment of the 1st Australian Task Force at Nui Dat on 1 Apr 66, 1 ALSG was raised at Vung Tau. HQ 1 ALSG commanded 19 units and sub-units, with a total strength of 1015. Units under command of HQ 1 ALSG provided logistic support to all Australian forces in SVN, including the RAAF and RAN.

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Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV)

1962-1972

On 24 May 62 the Minister for Defence, Mr. Townley, announced that up to 30 military advisers were to be sent to Vietnam. This announcement preceded the formation of the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam, which arrived in Saigon on 3 Aug 62. For the next 10 years members were rotated through the team for a 12-month tour of duty. The team was withdrawn from Vietnam and disbanded on 19 Dec 72. As the war progressed team members were gradually spread throughout South Vietnam and into the Mekong Delta. In 70 the team began to concentrate in Phuoc Tuy Province to the east of Saigon, and by 72 the entire team was located there.

The Primary role of the team was to provide training to the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) but by 1964 emphasis had shifted to advising South Vietnamese field units, para military forces and Special Forces. In some cases team members commanded units rather than advised. In 1970 the team reverted to its original role of training.

The AATTV became the most highly decorated Australian unit ever, its decorations including four VCs , two DSOs, three OBEs, six MBEs, six MCs, 20 DCMs, 49 MIDs as well as numerous other Australian and foreign decorations. The unit was awarded the United States Meritorious Unit Citation and the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry. AATTV members participated in almost all major battles involving the ARVN in 1 Corps from 1964 to 1970. Of the 990 who served with AATTV, 33 died on active service in South Vietnam and 122 were wounded in action. Ten members of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment served with the team.

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Royal Australian Armoured Corps

1 APC Troop Jun 65 - May 66
1 APC Squadron May 66 - Jan 67
A Squadron 3 Cavalry Regiment Jan 67 - May 69
B Squadron 3 Cavalry Regiment May 69 - Jan 71
A Squadron 1 Armoured Regiment Dec 69 - Dec 70
B Squadron 1 Armoured Regiment Feb 69 - Dec 69
C Squadron 1 Armoured Regiment Feb 68 - Feb 69 and Dec 70
Det 1 Forward Delivery Troop

Royal Australian Artillery

105 Field Battery 65-66
1 Field Regiment
101 Field Battery 66-67 and 69-70
103 Field Battery 66-67
105 Field Battery 69-70
4 Field Regiment
106 Field Battery 67-68 and 70-71
107 Field Battery 70-71
108 Field Battery 67-68
12 Field Regiment
A Field Battery 71
102 Field Battery 68-69
104 Field Battery 68-69 and 71
131 Divisional Locating Battery 66-71

Royal Australian Engineers

Det 198 Works Section 9 Jan - 1 Mar 67
198 Works Section 2 Mar 67 - 23 Dec 72
Det 11 Movement Control Group 1 Apr 66 - 12 Mar 72
3 Field Troop 14 Sep 65 - 31 Mar 66
1 Field Squadron 1 Apr 66 - 18 Nov 71
21 Engineer Support Troop 1 Apr 66 - 9 Dec 71
Det 55 Advanced Engineer Stores Squadron 1 Apr 66 - 16 Feb 68
Det 55 Engineer Workshop & Park Squadron 17 Feb 68 - 12 Mar 72
55 Engineer Workshop & Park Squadron
17 Construction Squadron 1 Apr 66 - 12 Feb 72
Det 11 Movement Control Group 1 Apr 66 - 12 Mar 72
30 Terminal Squadron 9 Jan 67 - 12 Mar 72
Det 1 Division Postal Unit 1 Apr 66 - 8 Nov 67
Det 1 Communication Zone Postal Unit 19 Oct 66 - 23 Feb 72
1 Small Ship Troop (Clive Steele) 26 Jun 66 - 23 Nov 66, 3 Dec 66 - 9 Jan 67, 17 Jan 67- 16 Mar 67, 29 Jan 68 - 27 Apr 69, 21 Jul 69 - 2 Mar 70, 11 Jul - 3 Sep 70 and 2 Mar - 12 Mar 71
1 Small Ship Troop (Harry Chauvel) 23 Oct 67 - 21 Mar 68 and 2 May 70 - 6 Jun 70
3 Small Ship Troop (Vernon Sturdee) nbsp; 11 Apr 66 - 25 Jun 66 and 23 Jan 67 - 14 Dec 67
4 Small Ship Troop (Brudenell White) 22 Sep 70 - 24 Oct 70
Det 32 Small Ship Squadron (John Monash) 5 May 66 - 14 May 66, 3 Dec 67 - 31 Jan 68, 17 Feb 68 - 31 Mar 68, 16 Dec 68 - 26 Dec 68, 20 Feb 69 - 4 Mar 69, 25 Oct 69 - 7 Dec 69 and 27 Jul 71 - 14 Aug 71
Det 32 Small Ship Squadron (Clive Steele) 23 Feb 71 - 20 Mar 71
Det 32 Small Ship Squadron (Harry Chauvel) 11 Nov - 15 Dec 70

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Royal Australian Survey Corps

Det 1 Topographical Survey Troop A 66-71
Section 1 Topographical Survey Troop 66-71

Royal Australian Signal Corps

HQ 145 Signal Squadron 709 Signal Troop 25 May 65 - 20 Nov 67
527 Signal Troop 14 Sep 65 - 5 Jul 67, absorbed into 145 Signal Squadron
547 Signal Troop 1 Apr 66 - 23 Dec 71
581 Signal Troop
552 Signal Troop
506 Signal Troop
520 Signal Troop
HQ 110 Signal Squadron
HQ Signal Squadron
704 Signal Troop
557 Signal Troop
561 Signal Troop
532 Signal Troop
503 Signal Troop
103 Signal Squadron 1 Apr 66 - 5 Jul 67
104 Signal Squadron (TF) 2 Mar 67 - 15 Dec 71, replaced 103 Signal Squadron
110 Signal Squadron 2 Mar 67 - 12 Mar 72, replaced 145 Signal Squadron
Det 152 Signal Squadron (SAS) 31 Aug 66 - 15 Oct 71
AAAGV Signal Detachment 12 Mar - Dec 72

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Royal Australian Infantry

First Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (1 RAR)
2 Tours: 25 May 65 - 14 Jul 66, 19 Jan 68 - 28 Jan 69
Second Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (2 RAR)
(2 RAR/NZ Anzac Battalion)
2 Tours: 20 Mar 67 - 18 Jun 68, 28 Apr 70 - 4 Jun 71
Third Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR) (Old Faithful)
2 Tours: 12 Dec 67 - 5 Dec 68, 12 Feb 71 - 19 Oct 71
Fourth Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (4 RAR) (Anzac)
2 Tours: 20 Jan 68 - 30 May 69, 1 May 70 - 12 Mar 72
Fifth Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (5 RAR)
2 Tours: 1 Apr 66 - 4 Jul 67, 28 Jan 69 - 5 Mar 70
Sixth Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (6 RAR)
2 Tours: 1 Apr 66 - 5 Jul 67, 7 May 69 - 28 May 70
(second tour was as 6 RAR/ NZ-Anzac Battalion)
Seventh Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (7 RAR)
2 Tours Apr 67 - Apr 68, Feb 70 - Mar 71
Eighth Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (8 RAR Nov 69 - Nov 70
Ninth Battalion Royal Australian Regiment (9 RAR) 5 Nov 68 - 5 Dec 69
Special Air Service Regiment Apr 66 - Oct 71
One Squadron Special Air Service 67- 68, 70- 71
Two Squadron Special Air Service 68- 69, 71
Three Squadron Special Air Service 66- 67, 69- 70

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Australian Army Aviation Corps

161 Reconnaissance Flight 14 Sep 65 - 8 Mar 72
161 (Independent) Reconnaissance Flight
Australian Intelligence Corps

Detachment 1 Division Intelligence Unit 15 May 66 - 2 Oct 71
1 Psychological Operations Unit
Royal Australian Army Service Corps (RAASC)

Bien Hoa

RAASC Detachment 65
Vung Tau

HQ 1 Company RAASC 66-67
1 Transport Platoon RAASC Apr 66 - Jul 67
87 Transport Platoon RAASC Apr 66 - Jul 67
Detachment 276 AD Company Apr 66 - May 67
Detachment 1 Division Postal Unit Apr 66 - Nov 67
HQ 5 Company RAASC Mar 67 - Mar 72
2 Transport Platoon Apr 67 - Nov 70
85 Transport Platoon (Tipper) Mar 67 - Sep 71
86 Transport Platoon Jan 67 - Mar 72
Saigon Detachment 1 Comm Z Postal Unit Oct 66 - Feb 72
Nui Dat

HQ 26 Company RAASC Nov 69 - Jun 71
85 Transport Platoon Mar 67 - Sep 71
Elm 176 AD Company Jun 67 - Nov 71
Elm 1 Comm Z Postal Unit 67 - Jun 1968

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Royal Australian Army Medical Corps (RAAMC)

1 Australian Field Hospital 13 Nov 67 - 14 Dec 71
2 Field Ambulance 1 Apr 66 - 5 Jul 67
8 Field Ambulance 2 Mar 67 - 12 Mar 72
Detachment 1 Field Medical/Dental Unit 20 Nov 67 - 25 Nov 71
Detachment 1 Field Medical/Dental Equipment Detachment 20 Nov 67 - 25 Nov 71
Detachment 1 Field Hygiene Company 5 Dec 67 - 12 Mar 72

Royal Australian Army Dental Corps

33 Dental Unit May 66 - Mar 72

Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps

5 May 67 - 25 Nov 71

43 members of the RAANC served in Vietnam with 1st Australian Field Hospital and 8th Field Ambulance.

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Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps

HQ 2 Company Ordnance Depot (Type A)1
1 Apr 66 - 15 Nov 67 - redesignated 2 AOD includes the following subunits:

13 Ordnance Supply Control Platoon
16 Ordnance Vehicle Platoon
14 Ordnance Stores Platoon
18 Ordnance Depot Laundry and Bath Section
15 Ordnance Ammunition Platoon
19 Ordnance Supply Control Platoon
20 Ordnance Stores Platoon 9 Jan 67
2 Advanced Ordnance Depot
(includes subunits listed above, 16 Nov 67 - 12 Mar 72)
1 Independent Armoured Sqn Workshop Stores Section (redesignated) 29 Jan - 2 Feb 68
101 Field Workshop Stores Section 1 Apr 66 - 5 Jul 67
102 Field Workshop Stores Section 2 Mar 67 - 12 Mar 72
106 Field Workshops Stores Section
Royal Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers 65-71

Detachment 131 Div Loc Bty Workshop
1 Field Squadron Workshop
106 Field Workshop (Type A)
1 TF Headquarter Light Aid Detachment (LAD) Detachment
1 APC Squadron Light Aid Detachment Detachment
A Squadron 3 Cavalry Regiment Light Aid Detachment
B Squadron 3 Cavalry Regiment Light Aid Detachment
A Squadron 1 Armoured Regiment Light Aid Detachment
C Squadron 1 Armoured Regiment Light Aid Detachment
1 Field Regiment Light Aid Detachment
4 Field Regiment Light Aid Detachment
12 Field Regiment Light Aid Detachment
I Independent Armoured Squadron Workshop
1 Armoured Squadron Workshop
17 Construction Squadron Workshop Detachment
l Division ST Workshop
5 Company RAASC Workshop
101 Field Workshop (Type A)
102 Field Workshop (Type B)
Citizens Military Forces Observers

 

Army Public Relations Service

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RAAF

Royal Australian Air Force

Headquarters Royal Australian Air Force Element

Australian Force Vietnam Headquarters

Royal Australian Air Force Contingent Vung Tau
Royal Australian Air Force Caribou Transport Flight 8 Aug 64 - 1st Jun 66
Base Support Flight May 66 - Apr 68
Number 1 Operational Support Unit Feb 68 - Feb 72
Number 2 Squadron
Airfield Construction Squadron (Detachment B) 64 - 72
Royal Australian Air Force Element 161 Recce Flight 14 Sep 65 - 8 Mar 72
No. 35 Squadron 1 Jun 66 - Feb 72
The first RAAF operational unit to see service in Vietnam, the RAAF transport flight, arrived in Aug 64 with six Caribou aircraft. The unit was redesignated as No. 35 Squadron on 1 Jun 66. The Squadron left Vietnam in Feb 72. No.9 Squadron Apr 66 - Nov 71 No.9 Squadron, equipped with Iroquois helicopters was allotted to the 1st Australian Task Force. No. 2 Squadron Apr 67 - Jun 71 The third and last RAAF operational squadron to serve in Vietnam was No.2 Squadron. It returned to Australia in Jun 71, 13 years after having left Australia from Darwin en route to Butterworth, Malaysia. RAAF Members also served with the United States Air Force 64 - 72. RAAF fighter pilots were given the opportunity of serving in Vietnam as Forward Air Controllers. In addition to duty as FACs, six fighter pilots also saw service in American phantom squadrons in Vietnam.

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RAAF Nursing Service (MEDEVAC Flight)

RAAF nurses tended the wounded on the medical evacuation aircraft which transported them from Vietnam to Australia usually via Malaysia.

RAAF Chaplains

RAAF Chaplains attended to the spiritual needs of RAAF personnel as well as Australian and US troops.

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Civilian and Philanthropic

Red Cross

The Australian Red Cross contributed a welfare worker who was based at Vung Tau.

Salvation Army

The Salvation Army maintained the Red Shield Hut.

War Correspondents

The Australian War Correspondents provided news and feature stories for distribution to media in Australia.

Official War Artists, Historians and Photographers

As with other wars, official representatives were sent to Vietnam to collect data, information and impressions of Australia's military involvement.

Civilian Medical Teams

Civilian Medical Teams from major Australian hospitals were sent to Vietnam as part of a civilian aid program.

Australian Entertainment Groups

Australian entertainers volunteered for service in Vietnam with specific entertainment groups which were formed and financed separately.

Everymans Welfare Organisation

Everymans is a philanthropic organisation which supports the Australian Defence Force. They provided moral support to soldiers in the field from Recruit Training onwards.

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